Once the capital to the princely state ruled by Raja Jai Singh 2 of Kachhwaha clan of Rajputs, old Jaipur (the walled city called pink city) is one of the most well planned of the pre-modern Indian cities. Built in pink stucco resembling sandstone, the city has broad symmetrical roads and streets giving it a very regal and ordered look. The border of the city is marked by a wall and two gateways. Jaipur is replete with reminiscences of a gallant past, like the Hawa Mahal, City Palace, and many more. The Amber Palace and fort, 11 km from jaipur, used to be the capital of the Kachhwaha clan until it was shifted to Jaipur in 1727. The Kachhwaha clan captured Amber from the Meena tribes. It is now one of the most famous and most frequently visited monuments in Jaipur.
Amber Palace and Fort
The rugged Aravalli hills have time and again stood guard to invaders trying to subdue the gallant Rajputs. This is one of the reasons why the jagged stones of the Aravalli have repeatedly served as the foundations to invincible forts and citadels all over Rajasthan. The sprawling Amber Palace and Fort happens to be one of the best hilltop forts built by the Rajputs. The construction of this fort was started by the famous Raja Man Singh in the 1592 and completed by Raja Sawai Jai Singh 1. Perched elegantly atop rugged rocks overlooking a lake, the Amber Palace built in a blend of Rajput and Mughal style, remains an architectural marvel till date. The ramp that leads to the main gate can easily be covered on foot but the real excitement lies in entering the fort like a king on elephant back. The interiors of the palace tell the story of a bygone era of patronage and expert artistry. The exquisitely carved red sandstone pillars that adorn the palace were later covered in stucco plaster in order not to be subjected to the Mughal Emperor Jahangir\'s rage as Amber outshone many of the Mughal masterpieces.