History and culture of rajasthan
Rajasthan has a rich and colorful history making it one of the most popular tourist destinations in India. Historical traditions are that Rajputs, Nath, Jats, Bhils, Ahirs, Gujars, Meenas and some other tribes made a great contribution in building the state of Rajasthan. All these tribes suffered great difficulties to protect their culture and the land. Millionsof them were martyred for this land. Rajasthan includes most of Rajputana, comprised of a number of Rajput kingdoms as well as Jat kingdoms and a Muslim kingdom.
The Jats were rulers in Bharatpur and Dholpur. A Muslim Nawab ruled Tonk. Jodhpur, Bikaner, Udaipur, and Jaipur were some of the main Rajput states. Rajput families rose to prominence in the 6th century CE. The Rajputs resisted the Muslim incursions into India, although a number of Rajput kingdoms eventually became subservient to the Delhi Sultanate and the Mughal Empire during those empires' peak of expansion. Rajasthan's formerly independent kingdoms created a rich architectural and cultural heritage, seen today in their numerous forts and palaces (Mahals and Havelis), which are enriched by features of Hindu, Muslim and Jain architecture.
A combination of geography, history and lifestyle of the people make the culture of Rajasthan a unique and so very distinct from others. The unique culture of Rajasthan has evolved as a result of the combination of various factors but geography of the Desert land has certainly played the dominant role in the evolution of the Rajasthani culture. Colorful costumes, multitude of festivals and fairs relieve the dullness of the harsh living conditions. Also famous as the land of Rajputs, the forts, palaces and Havelis of Rajasthan attract a large number of people from different parts. As you travel to the colorful land of the Rajputs, you will get to explore the music, dances, fairs, festivals, lifestyle and many other unexplored facets of the Desert land.
Rajasthan is culturally rich and has artistic and cultural traditions, which reflect the ancient Indian way of life. There is rich and varied folk culture from villages that is both fascinating and mesmerizing. Highly cultivated classical music and dance with its own distinct style is part of the cultural tradition of Rajasthan. The music is of uncomplicated innocence and songs depict day-to-day relationships and chores, more often focused around fetching water from wells or ponds.
The Ghoomar dance from Udaipur and Kalbeliya dance of Jaisalmer have gained international recognition. Folk music is a vital part of Rajasthani culture. Kathputali, Bhopa, Chang, Teratali, Ghindar, Kachchhighori, Tejaji etc. are the examples of the traditional Rajasthani culture. Folk songs are commonly ballads that relate heroic deeds and love stories, and religious or devotional songs known as bhajans and banis (often accompanied by musical instruments like dholak, sitar, sarangi etc.) are also sung.